CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Social Science 2025 Download Pdf

CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Social Science 2025: The students that are about to appear for the examinations of the session of 2024 – 2025 are advised to prepare as per the syllabus. The syllabus will be made to test the knowledge that the student has gained from the curriculum that is released as the syllabus of the CBSE Social Science Syllabus 2024-25.

The board has also released various other sources that may help the students to prepare for the examination. The official site will be the place where the student may find the official syllabus and the students are also advised to read the article ahead as we have gathered all the information of the Social Science Class 10th Syllabus 2025 in detail.

CBSE 9th & 10th Social Science Syllabus

CBSE Class 10th Social Science Theory Paper Pattern 2025

Time: 3 Hrs                                                                                                                                            Max. Marks: 80
Sr. No. Units No. of Periods Marks
1 India and the Contemporary World – II 60 20
2 Contemporary India – II 55 20
3 Democratic Politics – II 50 20
4 Understanding Economic Development 50 20
Total 215 80

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Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World – II
Section 1: Events and Processes
1. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe: Learning Objectives
The French Revolution and the Idea of the Nation · The Making of Nationalism in Europe · The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848 · The Making of Germany and Italy · Visualizing the Nation · Nationalism and Imperialism
  • Enable the learners to identify and comprehend the forms in which nationalism developed along with the formation of nation states in Europe in the post-1830 period.
  • Establish the relationship and bring out the difference between European nationalism and anticolonial nationalisms.
  • Understand the way the idea of nationalism emerged and led to the formation of nation states in Europe and elsewhere.
2. Nationalism in India:                Learning Objectives
The First World War, Khilafat and Non – Cooperation · Differing Strands within the Movement · Towards Civil Disobedience · The Sense of Collective Belonging
  • Recognize the characteristics of Indian nationalism through a case study of Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movement.
  • Analyze the nature of the diverse social movements of the time.
  • Familiarize with the writings and ideals of different political groups and individuals.
  • Appreciate the ideas promoting Pan Indian belongingness
Section 2: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies: Any one theme of the following:
3. The Making of a Global World: Learning Objectives
The Pre-modern world · The Nineteenth Century (1815-1914) · The Inter war Economy · Rebuilding a World Economy: The Post-War Era
  • Show that globalization has a long history and point to the shifts within the process.
  • Analyze the implication of globalization for local economies.
  • Discuss how globalization is experienced differently by different social groups.
4. The Age of Industrialization: Learning Objectives
Before the Industrial Revolution · Hand Labour and Steam Power · Industrialization in the colonies · Factories Come Up · The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth · Market for Goods
  • Familiarize with the Pro- toIndustrial phase and Early – factory system.
  • Familiarize with the process of industrialization and its impact on labour class.
  • Enable them to understand industrialization in the colonies with reference to Textile industries
Section 3: Everyday Life, Culture and Politics
5. Print Culture and the Modern World: Learning Objectives
 The First Printed Books · Print Comes to Europe · The Print Revolution and its Impact · The Reading Mania · The Nineteenth Century · India and the World of Print · Religious Reform and Public Debates · New Forms of Publication · Print and Censorship
  • Identify the link between print culture and the circulation of ideas.
  • Familiarize with pictures, cartoons, extracts from propaganda literature and newspaper debates on important events and issues in the past.
  • Understand that forms of writing have a specific history, and that they reflect historical changes within society and shape the forces of change.
Unit 2: Contemporary India – II 
1. Resources and Development: Learning Objectives
Types of Resources

  • Development of Resources
  • Resource Planning in India
  • Land Resources
  • Land Utilization
  • Land Use Pattern in India
  • Land Degradation and Conservation
  • Measures
  • Soil as a Resource
  • Classification of Soils
  • Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation


Understand the value of resources and the need for their judicious utilization and conservation
2. Forest and Wildlife
Biodiversity or Biological Diversity

  • Flora and Fauna in India
  • Vanishing Forests
  • Asiatic Cheetah: Where did they go?
  • The Himalayan Yew in trouble
  • Conservation of forest and wildlife in India
  •  Project Tiger
  • Types and distribution of forests and wildlife resources
  • Community and Conservation

Note: The chapter ‘Forest and Wildlife’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination


Understand the importance of forests and wild life in one environment as well as develop concept towards depletion of resources.
3. Water Resources
  • Water Scarcity and The Need for Water Conservation and Management
  •  Multi-Purpose River Projects and Integrated Water Resources
  • Management
  • Rainwater Harvesting

Note: The chapter ‘Water Resources’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.


Comprehend the importance of water as a resource as well as develop awareness towards its judicious use and conservation.
4. Agriculture
Types of farming

  • Cropping Pattern
  • Major Crops
  • Technological and Institutional Reforms
  • Impact of Globalization on Agriculture


  • Explain the importance of agriculture in national economy.
  • Identify various types of farming and discuss the various farming methods; describe the spatial distribution of major crops as well as understand the relationship between rainfall regimes and cropping pattern.
  • Explain various government policies for institutional as well as technological reforms since independence.
5. Minerals and Energy Resources
  • What is a mineral?
  • Mode of occurrence of Minerals
  • Ferrons and Non-Ferrons Minerals
  • Non-Metallic Minerals
  • Rock Minerals
  • Conservation of Minerals
  • Energy Resources
  • Conventional and NonConventional
  • Conservation of Energy Resources


  • Identify different types of minerals and energy resources and places of their availability.
  • Feel the need for their judicious utilization
6. Manufacturing Industries:
Importance of manufacturing

  • Contribution of Industry to National Economy
  • Industrial Location
  • Classification of Industries
  • Spatial distribution
  • Industrial pollution and environmental degradation
  • Control of Environmental Degradation
  • Bring out the importance of industries in the national economy as well as understand the regional disparities which resulted due to concentration of
  • industries in some areas.
  • Discuss the need for a planned industrial development and debate over the role of government towards sustainable development.
7. Life Lines of National Economy:
  • Transport – Roadways, Railways,
  • Pipelines, Waterways, Airways
  • Communication
  • International Trade
  • Tourism as a Trade


  • Explain the importance of transport and communication in the ever-shrinking world.
  • Understand the role of trade and tourism in the economic development of a country.
Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II 
1. Power Sharing:

  • Case Studies of Belgium and Sri Lanka
  • Why power sharing is desirable?
  •  Forms of Power Sharing
  • Familiarize with the centrality of power sharing in a democracy.
  • Understand the working of spatial and social power sharing mechanisms.
2. Federalism:

  • What is Federalism?
  • What make India a Federal Country?
  • How is Federalism practiced?
  • Decentralization in India


  • Analyze federal provisions and institutions.
  • Explain decentralization in rural and urban areas.
3. Democracy and Diversity:

  • Case Studies of Mexico
  • Differences, similarities and divisions
  • Politics of social divisions

Note: The chapter ‘Democracy and Diversity’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.

  • Analyse the relationship between social cleavages and political competition with reference to Indian situation.
4. Gender, Religion and Caste:

  •  Gender and Politics
  • Religion, Communalism and Politics
  • Caste and Politics


  • Identify and analyse the challenges posed by communalism to Indian democracy.
  • Recognise the enabling and disabling effects of caste and ethnicity in politics.
  • Develop a gender perspective on politics
5. Popular Struggles and Movements:

  • Popular Struggles in Nepal and Bolivia
  • Mobilization and Organization
  • Pressure Groups and Movements

Note: The chapter ‘Popular Struggles and Movements’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination

Understand the vital role of people’s struggle in the expansion of democracy.
6. Political Parties:

  • Why do we need Political Parties?
  • How many Parties should we have?
  • National Political Parties
  • State Parties
  • Challenges to Political Parties
  • How can Parties be reformed?


  • Analyze party systems in democracies.
  • Introduction to major political parties, challenges faced by them
    and reforms in the country.
7. Outcomes of Democracy:

  • How do we assess democracy’s outcomes?
  • Accountable, responsive and legitimate government
  • Economic growth and development
  • Reduction of inequality and poverty
  • Accommodation of social diversity
  • Dignity and freedom of the citizens


  • Evaluate the functioning of democracies in comparison to alternative forms of governments.
  • Understand the causes for continuation of democracy in India.
  • Distinguish between sources of strengths and weaknesses of Indian democracy
8. Challenges to Democracy:

  • Thinking about challenges
  • Thinking about Political Reforms
  • Redefining democracy

Note: The chapter ‘Challenges to Democracy’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.

  • Reflect on the different kinds of measures possible to deepen democracy.
  • Promote an active and participatory citizenship.
Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development
1. Development:

  • What Development Promises – Different people different goals
  • Income and other goals
  • National Development
  • How to compare different countries or states?
  • Income and other criteria
  • Public Facilities
  • Sustainability of development
  • Familiarize with concepts of macroeconomics.
  • Understand the rationale for overall human development in our country, which includes the rise of income, improvements in health and education rather than income.
  • Understand the importance of quality of life and sustainable development.
2. Sectors of the Indian Economy:

  • Sectors of Economic Activities
  •  Comparing the three sectors
  •  Primary, Secondary and Tertiary
    Sectors in India
  •  Division of sectors as organized and
  •  Sectors in terms of ownership: Public
    and Private Sectors
  • Identify major employment generating sectors.
  • Reason out the government investment in different sectors of economy
3. Money and Credit:

  • Money as a medium of exchange
  • Modern forms of money
  • Loan activities of Banks
  • Two different credit situations
  • Terms of credit
  • Formal sector credit in India
  • Self Help Groups for the Poor


  • Understand money as an economic concept.
  • Understand the role of financial institutions from the point of view of day-to- day life.
4. Globalization and the Indian Economy:

  • Production across countries
  • Interlinking production across countries
  • Foreign Trade and integration of markets
  • What is globalization?
  • Factors that have enabled Globalisation
  • World Trade Organisation
  • Impact of Globalization on India
  • The Struggle for a fair Globalisation


Explain the working of the Global Economic phenomenon.
5. Consumer Rights: 
Note: Chapter 5 ‘Consumer Rights’ to be
done as Project Work.
Gets familiarized with the rights and duties as a consumer; and
legal measures available to protect from being exploited in

CBSE 10th Sample Papers

cbse class 10th social science syllabus


Unit Name Chapter Name Marks
India and the Contemporary World – II The Rise of Nationalism in Europe 20
The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China
Nationalism in India
The making of a Global World
The Age of Industrialization
Work, Life & Leisure
Print Culture and the Modern World
Novels, Society, and History
Contemporary India – II Resources and Development 20
Water Resources
Minerals and Energy Resources
Manufacturing Industries
Life Lines of National Economy
Democratic Politics – II Power Sharing & Federalism 20
Democracy and Diversity & Gender, Religion, and Caste
Popular Struggles and Movements
Political Parties
Outcomes of Democracy
Challenges to Democracy
Understanding Economic Development Development 20
Sectors of the Indian Economy
Money and Credit
Globalization and the Indian Economy
Consumer Rights
Total 80

class 10 social science syllabus

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