Maharashtra Board HSC Syllabus 2023 (All Subjects)

Maharashtra Board HSC Syllabus 2023: Recently Maharashtra Board tweaks to change HSC paper pattern for 2022-2023 session. The question paper pattern will be based on a national framework curriculum as laid by the Council of Boards of School Education (COBSE).

However, these changes would be only seen in physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics subjects in a view so that students could perform well in entrance exams.

The board has taken this decision to mitigate the harm that parents and students used to face due to coaching centres. Keep reading to get a detailed Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2023.

How to Prepare for Maharashtra Board 10th Class Exams !! Click Here

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2023 (Subject Wise)


विषय पाठ्यक्रम
गद्य 7- कहानियाँ
4- निबंध
2- हास्य व्यंग
1- विज्ञान/ पर्यावरण/ संस्मरण/ रेखाचित्र आदि
पद्य 4- मध्ययुगीन
10- अर्वाचीन
पूरक पठन 6 – हिंदी विविधा पाठ
रचना विभाग निबंध 200 शब्दों तक
पत्र लेखन- व्यावसायिक/ कार्यालयीन/ साक्षात्कार/ भेंट वार्ता/ पारिभाषिक शब्दावली/ वृतांतलेखन/ विज्ञापन/ अनुवाद/ चित्रवर्णन
व्याकरण वाक्य भेद- सरल/ संयुक्त/ मिश्र
कालपरिवर्तन- सामान्य/  पूर्ण/ अपूर्ण
वाक्य शुद्धिकरण- मात्रा/ लिंग/ वचन/ कारक/ क्रीया


Unit name Marks
Prose 25
Poetry 8
Grammer 12
Writing 27
Rapid Reading 08
Total 80

Oral Test

Test Marks
Listening 06
Loud Reading 04
Speaking 05
Conversation 05
Total 20


Course Book (Yuvabharti) Prose (80) pages
Poetory 200-250 lines
Grammer Tenses
Types of Sentences- Simple, Compound, Complex, Reletive Clauses
Voice- Statments, questions, indirect objects, object + object complement, negetives
Reported speech- Advanced level, continuous short paragraph consisting of three to four connected sentences.
Uses of ‘too’ and ‘enough’- Conversion and synthesis
Modal Auxiliaries- May, might, must etc .
Articles- Uses and omission of a, an, the
Prepositions- Indicating time, place and direction
Linking words/ Discourse Makers- Use of linking words in sentences and in larger units.
Word Formation- Changing word forms- Nouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives.
Infinitives, Gerunds, and Participals- Usage, and synthesis

Also Check: NCERT Complete Details  || National And International Olympiad

Science stream


Unit Name Topic
Circular Motion Angular displacement
Aangular velocity and angular acceleration
Relation between linear velocity and angular velocity
Uniform circular motion
Radial acceleration
Centripetal and centrifugal forces
Banking of roads
Vertical circular motion due to earth’s gravitation
Equation for velocity and energy at different positions of vertical circular motions
Kinematical equations for circular motion in analogy with linear motion
Gravitation Newton’s law of gravitation
Projection of satellite
Periodic Time
Statement of Kepler’s law of motion
Binding energy and escape velocity of a satellite
Weightlessness condition in orbit
Variation of ‘g’ due to altitude
Depth and motion
Communication satellite and its uses
Rational motion Definition of MI, KE of a rotating body
Rolling motion
Physical significance of MI, Radius  of gyration
Principle of parallel and perpendicular axes
MI of some regularly shaped bodies about specific axes
Angular momentum and its conservation
Oscillations Explanations of periodic motion
Differential equation of linear SHM
Projection of UCM on any diameter
Phase of SHM, KE, and PE in SHM
Composition of SHM having the same period and along the same line
Simple pendulum
Damped SHM
Elasticity General explanation of elastic property
Definition of stress and strain
Hooke’s Law
Poisson’s ratio
Elastic Energy
Elastic constants and their relation
Determination of Y
Behavior of metal wire under increasing load
Applications of elastic behavior of materials
Surface Tension Surface tension by molecular theory
Surface energy
Surface tension
Angle of contact
Capillarity and capillary action
Effect of impurity and temperature on surface tension
Wave Motion Simple harmonic progressive wave
Reflection of transverse and longitudinal waves
Change of Phase
Suppression of waves
Formation of Beats
Doppler effect in sound
Stationary Waves Study of vibrations in a finite medium
Formation of stationary waves on a string
Study of vibrations of air columns
Free and forced vibrations
Kinetic theory of gases and radiation Concept of an ideal gas
Assumptions of kinetic theory
Mean free path
Derivation for pressure of a gas
Degree of freedom
Derivation of Boyle’s Law
Thermodynamics- Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature
1st and 2nd law of thermodynamics
Heat engines and refrigerators
Qualitative of black body radiation
Wein’s displacement law
Green house effect
Stefan’s law
Maxwell distribution
Law of equipartition of energy and application to specific heat capacities of gases.
Wave theory of light Wave theory of light
Huygen’s principle
Construction of a plane and spherical wavefront
Wavefront and wave normal
Reflection at a plane surface
Refraction at a plane surface
Plane polarised light
Brewster’s law
Doppler effect in light
Interference and Diffraction Interference of light
Conditions for producing steady interference patterns
Young’s experiment
Analytical treatment of interference bonds
Measurement of wavelength by prism experiment
Diffraction due to single slit
Rayleigh’s criterion
Resolving power of a microscope and telescope
Difference between interference and diffraction
Electrostatics Gaus’s Proof and application
Mechanical force on a unit area of a charged conductor
Energy density of a medium
Dielectrics and electric polarisation
Concept of condenser
Capacity of parllel plate condenser
Effect of dielectric on capacity
Energy of charged condenser
Condensers in series and parallel
Van- de- Graaff generator
Current electricity Kirchhoff’s law
Wheatstone’s bridge
Meter bridge
Magnetic effects of electric current Ampere’s law and its applications
Moving coil galvanometer
Sensitivity of moving coil galvanometer
Magnetism Circular current loop of magnetic dipole
Magnetic dipole moment of revolving electron
Magnetistation and magnetic intensity
Ferromagnetism on the basis of domain theory
Curie temperature
Electromagnetic Inductions Laws of electromagnetic induction
Proof of, e= dØ/ dt
Eddy currents
Self-induction and mutual induction
Need for displacement of current
Coil rotating magnetic induction
Alternating currents
Reactance and impedance
LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only)
Power in a.c circuit with resistance
Inductance and capacitance
Resonant circuit
Wattless current
AC generator
Electrons and Photons Photoelectric effect
Hertz and Lenard’s observations
Einstein’s equation
Particle nature of light
Atoms, Molecules and Nuclei Alpha particle scattering experiment
Rutherford’s model of atom
Bohr’s model
Hydrogen spectrum
composition and size of nucleus
Decay law
Mass-energy relation
Mass defect
B.E per nucleon and its variation with mass number
Nuclear fission and fusion
Broglie hypothesis
Matter waves- Wave nature of particles
Wavelength of an electron
Davisson and Germer experiment
Continuous and characteristics of X-ray
Semiconductors Energy bands in solids
Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors
P-type and N-type semiconductor
P-N junction diode
I-V characteristics in forward and reverse basis
Zener diode as a voltage regulator
Solar Cell
I-V Characteristics of LED
Transistor action and its characteristics
Transistor as an amplifier (CE Mode)
Transistor as a switch
Oscillators and Logic Gates  (OR,
Communication Systems Elements of communication system
Bandwidth of signals
Bandwidth of transmission medium
Need for modulation
Production and detection of an amplitude modulated wave
Space Communication
Propagation of electromagnetic waves in atmosphere


Unit Name Topic Subtopic Name
Solid State Classification of solids based on different forces

  • Molecular
  • Ionic
  • covalent
  • Metallic solids
  • Amorphous
  • Crystalline solids

(Elementary idea)

Unit cell in two
dimensional and three-dimensional lattices
Calculation of density of unit cell
Packing in solids
Number of atoms per unit
cell in a cubic unit cell
Point defects,
electrical and magnetic properties
Band theory of metals
Conductors and semiconductors
n and p-type semi- conductors
Solutions and Colligatice Properties Types of Solutions
Expression of concentration of solids in liquids
Solubility of gases in liquids
Solid solutions
Colligative properties
Relative lowering of vapor pressure
Raoult’s Law
Elevation of boiling point
Depression of freezing point
Osmotic pressure
Determination of molecular masses using colligative properties
Abnormal molecular mass
Van’t Hoff factor and calculations involving it
Chemical Thermodynamics and Energitc Concepts of system
Types of system
Surroundings, Work, Heat, Energy
Extensive and intensive properties
State functions
First Law of Thermodynamics
internal energy and enthalpy
Hess Law of constant heat summation
Enthalpy of dissociation
Phase transition
Ionization of Solution and dilution
Introduction of entropy as a state function
Free energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous processes
Equilibrium Constant
Second and third law of thermodynamics
Electrochemistry Redox reactions
Conductance in electrolyte solution
specific and molar conductive
Kohlrausch’s Law
Electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (Elementary Idea)
Dry Cell- Electrolytic and galvanic cells
Lead accumulator
EMF of a cell
Standard electrode potential
Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells
Fuel cells
Relation between Gibb’s energy change and EMF of a cell
Chemical Kinetics Rate of reaction (Avrage and instantaneous)
Factors affecting the rate of reaction
Order and molecularity of a reaction
Rate law specific rate constant
integrated rate equations and half life (Only for zero and first order reactions)
The concept of collision theory (Elementary idea no mathematical treatment).
Activation energy
Arrhenius equation
General Principles and processes of isolation of elements Principles and methods of extraction – Concentration
Electrolytic method and refining
Occurrence and principle of extraction of aluminum, copper zinc and iron.
p – Block elements Group 15 elements General Introduction
Electronic Configuration
Oxidation states
Trends in physical and chemical properties
Nitrogen- preparation
Preparation properties and uses of compounds of nitrogen
Preparation properties and uses of ammonia and nitric acid
Oxides of nitrogen (Structure only)
Phosphorous-allotropic forms
Compounds of phosphorous
Preparation and properties of phosphine
Halides (PCl3, PCl5) and oxoacids (Elementary idea only)
Group 16 elements General Introductions
Electronic configuration
Oxidation states
Trends in physical and chemical properties
Dioxygen- Preparation, properties, and uses
Classification of oxides, pure oxides, and ozone.
Sulphur- Allotropic forms
Compounds of sulphur
Preparation, properties, and uses of sulphur dioxide
Sulphuric acid industrial process of manufaccture properties and uses
 Oxoacids of sulphur (Structure only)
Group 17 elements General Introduction
Electronic Configuration
Oxidation states
Trends in physical and chemical properties
Compounds of halogens
Preparation and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid
Interhalogen compounds
Oxoacids of Halogens (Structure only)
Group 18 elements General introduction
Electronic configuration
Trends in physical and chemical properties use
d and f Block elements d- Block elements General introduction
Electronic configuration
Occurrence and characteristics of transition metals
General trends in properties of the first row- metallic character ionization enthalpy
Oxidation states
Ionic Radii
Colour catalytic properties
Interstitial compounds
Alloy formation preparation and properties (K2, Cr2, O7, and KMnO4)
f- block elements Lanthanoids-

  • Electronic Configuration
  • Oxidation States
    • Chemical Reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences

  • Electronic configuration
  • Oxidation state
  • Comparison with lanthanoids
Coordination compounds
Halogen derivatives of alkanes (and arenas)
Coordination compounds Introduction
Coordination number
Magnetic properties and shapes
IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, bonding
Werner’s Theory VBT, CFT
Isomerism (Structural and stereo)
Importance of coordination compounds ( In qualitative analysis)
Extraction of metals and biological systems
Haloalkanes Nomenclature
Nature of C-X bond
Physical and chemical properties
Mechanism of substitution reactions
stability of carbocations
R-S and d-l configuration
Haloarenes Nature of  C-X bond
Substitution reaction (Directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only)
Stability of carbocations and d-l configurations
uses and environmental effects of-  Dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT
Alcohols, phenols and ethers alcohols Nomenclature
Methods of preparation
Physical and chemical properties (Primary alcohols only)
Identification of primary, tertiary and secondary alcohols
Phenols Nomenclature
Methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties
Acidic nature of phenol
Electrophilic substitution reaction
Uses of phenols
Ethers Nomenclature
Methods of preparation
Physical and chemical properties
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic acids Aldehydes and Ketones Nomenclature
Nature of carbonyl group
Methods of preparation
Physical and chemical properties
Mechanism and nucleophilic addition
Reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes and its uses
Carboxylic acids Nomenclature
Acidic Nature
Methods of preparation
Physical and chemical properties
Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen Nitro compounds General Methods of preparation and chemical reactions
Amines Nomenclature
Classification, structure, and methods of preparation
 Physical and chemical properties use
Identification of primary
Secondary and tertiary amines
Cyanides and isocyanides Will be mentioned at relevant places in context
Diazonium Salts Preparation
Chemical Reaction and importance in synthetic organic chemistry
Biomolecules Carbohydrates Classification (Aldoses and ketoses)
d-l configuration (Glucose and Fructose)
Oligosaccharides (Sucrose, Cellulose, and Maltose)
Polysaccharides (Starch, Cellulose, and Glycogen)
and their importance
Proteins Elementary idea of α- amino acids
Peptide linkage
Structure of amines Primary, secondary tertiary and quaternary structure (Qualitative idea only)
Denaturation of proteins
Lipids and Hormones (Elementary idea excluding structure) Their classification and functions
Vitamins Classification and functions
Nucleic acids DNA and RNA
Polymers Classification
Natural and synthetic methods of polymerization (addition and consideration)
Some important polymers-

  • Natural and synthetic (Like polythene, nylon, polyesters, bakelite, and rubber)
  • Biodegradable and non- biodegradable
Chemisry in everyday life Chemicals in medicines Analgesics
Antifertility drugs
Elementary idea of antioxidants
Chemicals in food Preservatives
Artificial Sweetening agents
Cleansing agents Soaps and detergents
Cleansing action


Section Name Unit Name Chapter Name Topic Name
Section 1 Botany Genetics and evolution Genetics Basis of Inheritance Mendelian inheritance
Deviations from Mendelian ratio (Gene interaction- incomplete dominance, co-dominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups)
elementary idea of polygenic inheritance
Gene: Its nature, expression and regulation Mordern concept of gene in brief- cristron
Muton and recon
DNA as genetics
Plant Physiology Photosynthesis Autotrophic nutrition
Site of photosynthesis
Photosynthetic pigments and their role
Light-dependent reactions (Photophosphorylation)
Light-independent reactions(C3 and C4 pathways )
Chemiosmotic hypothesis
Photroes piration
Factors affecting photosynthesis
Law of limiting factors
Respiration ATP as currency of energy
Mechanism of aerobic (Glycosis TCA Cycle and electron transport system) and anaerobic respiration
Fermentation and exchange of gases
Amphibolic pathway
Respiratory quotient of Nutrients
Significance of Respiration
Reproduction in Organisms Reproduction in Plants Modes Of Reproduction (Asexual and Sexual Reproduction)
Asexual reproduction: Uniparental Modes-vegetative propogation
Sexual Reproduction- Structure of a flower
Development of a gametophyte
Pollination- Types and Agencies
Outbreeding devices
Pollen Pistil Interaction
Double Fertilization- Process and significance
Post-fertilization changes (Development of endosperm and embryo)
Development of seed and formation of fruit
Special Modes- Apomixis
The significance of seed and fruit formation
Ecology and Environment Organisms and Environment-1 Habitat and Niche
Ecosystems: Patterns and components
Productivity and decomposition
Energy flow
Pyramids of number
Nutrient cycling (Carbon and Phosphorous)
Ecological Succession
Ecological Services- Carbon Fixation
Oxygen release
Environmental issues: agrochemicals and their effects
Solid Waste Managment
Greenhouse effect and global warming
Ozone Depletion
Deforestation (Case study any 2)
Zoology Genetics and Evolution Origin and the evaluation of life Origin of life: Early Earth
Spontaneous assembly of organic compounds
Evolution: Darvin’s Contribution
Modern synthetic theory of evolution
Biological evidencees
Machcnism of evolution gene flow and genetic drift
Hardy- Weinberg principle
Adaptive radiation
Origin and evolution of human beings
Chromosomal Basis of Inheritence The Chorosomal Theory
Linkage and crossing over
Sex-linked inheritance (Hemophilia and color blindness )
Sex determination in human beings, birds and honey bee
Mendelian disorders in humans
Chromosomal Disorders in humans
Down’s Syndrome
Turner’s Syndrome and Klinefelter’s syndrome
Biotechnology and its application Genetic Engineering And  genomics DNA finger printing
Genomics and human genome
Project Biotechnological application in health
Human insulin and vacine production
Gene Theory
Transgenic animals
Biology and human welfare Human Health and diseases Concepts of Immunology: Immunity types, Vaccines
Structure of antibody
Antigens- Antibody complex
Antigens on blood cells
Pathogens and Parasites (Amoebiasis, malaria, Filarasis, Ascariasis, Typhoid, Pneumonia, Common cold and ringworm)
Adolescences, Drug and alcohol abuse
Cancer and AIDS
Animal Husbandry Management of farm and farm animals
Animal Breeding
Bee- keeping
Lac Culture
Human Physiology Circulation Blood Composition and Coagulation
Blood Groups
Structure and pumping action of heart
Blood Vessels
Pulmonary and systematic circulation
Heart Beat and pulse
Rythemicity of heart beat
Cardiac output
Regulation of cardiac activity
Blood-related disorders :
Cotonary artery disease
Heart failure
Lymphatic system (Brief Idea)
Compositions of lymph and its functions
Excretion and osmoregulation Modes of excretion
Excretory system
Comoosition and formation of urine
Role of kideney in osmoregulation
Regulation of kideny founction
Renin- angiotensin
Artial Natriuretic factor
ADH and Diabetes inspidus
Role of other organs in excretion
Kidney Failure
Kideny stone (Renal Calculi)
Control and coordination Nervous System
Structure and founctions of brain and spinal cord
Brief idea about PNS and ANS
Transmission of Nerve imforlse
Reflex action
Sensory receptors eye and ear
Sensory perception
General idea of other sense organs
Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Hormones and their founction
Harmones as messengers and regulators
Harmonal Imbalnce and diseases
Common Disorders (Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, Goiter, Exophthalmic goiter, Diabetes, Mellitus, Addison’s Disease)
Reproduction in organisms Human Reproduction reproductive system in male and female
Histology of testis and ovary
Reproductive Cycle
Production of gametes
Embryo development up to three germinal layers
Parturition and lactation (Elementary idea)
Reproductive health and birth control
Contraception and sexually transmitted diseases
Amniocentesis Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies (IVF, ZIFT, GIFT ( elementary idea for general awareness).
Ecology and environment Organisms and Envioronment 2 Population and ecological adaptation:
Population interactions- mutualism
Population Attributes- Growth birth rate and death rate, age distribution
Biodiversity and its conservation
Biodiversity: Concept Pattern Importance and loss 1
Threats to biodiversity and need for conservation
Hotspots and endangered organisms
Red data book
Biosphere reserves
National park and Sanctuaries
Environmental issues:
Air Pollution and its control
Water pollution and its control
Radioactive waste management (Case studies any two)

Maharashtra Board HSC Syllabus 2023 Pdf 

Candidates who are going to appear for March exams, before beginning the exam preparation make sure to be fully aware of Maha HSC Syllabus 2023 changes that have been introduced recently.

Though the board has only changed the major subject’s curriculum so that students could perform better in the entrance exams. Along with the change in major subjects curriculum, the board has also changed the weightage of some of the topics.

Career Guide After 10th 12th  || NCERT Reference Books

Thus before appearing in board exams, make sure to be familiar with the latest pattern Maharashtra Board 12th Syllabus. As per the findings, 20% of the questions are categorized under the “Difficult” category in all of the four subjects and around 50% will be in the “average category”.

Maharashtra Board 12th Syllabus 2023

Moreover, for this session (2023), the difficulty level of the questions may go up, at present the board used to give a lot of options like attempt any three out of the five questions.

Also Check: Maharashtra Board HSC Time Table

Now the options may be less, thus due to the change in the exam pattern students are required to be focused from the beginning.

Prepare for 12th Class Board Exams with the latest trend Papers !! Click Here   

Maharashtra Board HSC Syllabus 2023

MSBSHSE HSC New Syllabus 2023 Subjects 

Candidates who are going to appear for the Maharashtra Board exam for the upcoming session exams, in order to provide you with the latest pattern Maharashtra 12th Class Syllabus syllabus here we have shared the files.







English Literature

Hindi 2

Health & Physical Edu.

Environment Education 

General Knowledge 


Political Science 








History & Development 

Information Tech (Arts) 

Information Tech (Commerce) 

Information Tech (Science) 

Maths & Stats 

Remark: Hope the information that we have conveyed on Maharashtra Board HSC Syllabus 2023 is worth to share, for more such updates stay tuned with us.

One Response

  1. Parth PADMANABH Dharmadhikari October 14, 2021

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