New Syllabus Available | CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus 2019

CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus 2019: Being one of the core subjects in the field of commerce the subject of accountancy is mandatory as well as it also has a  reputation of being a difficult one. It has a common fear amongst the students. So the students that are in the commerce division must try and practice the CBSE 12th Accounts Syllabus as hard as they can.

As practicing will make their skills over the subject much more precise and accurate. The students must also make sure to prepare the Accounting For Partnership very hard because as per the CBSE Accountancy Syllabus Class 12th it has the highest marks allotted to it. And also make sure to prepare for the viva and the project very well as this will improve your score which will, in turn, improve your overall percentage. And as per the instruction, the practicals in the subject are mandatory for one and all.

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CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus 2019

Unit NameChapter NameMarks
Part A- Accounting for Not-for-Profit  Organizations, Partnership Firms and CompaniesFinancial Statements of Not-for-Profit Organizations10
Accounting for Partnership Firms30
Accounting for Companies20
Total Of Section A 60
Part B- Financial Statement AnalysisAnalysis of Financial Statements12
Cash Flow Statment08
Total Of Section B 20
Part C- Project/ Practical WorkFile- 4 Marks20
Written Test- 12 Marks
Viva- 4 Marks
Or
Part B- Computerized Accounting20
Total 100

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Unit 1: Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Organizations
Units/TopicsLearning Outcomes
  • Not-for-profit organizations: concept.
  • Receipts and Payments Account: features and preparation.
  • Income and Expenditure Account: features, preparation of income and expenditure account and balance sheet from the given receipts and payments account with additional information.

Scope:
(i) Adjustments in a question should not exceed 3 or 4 in number and restricted to subscriptions, consumption of consumables and sale of assets/ old material.
(ii) Entrance/admission fees and general donations are to be treated as revenue receipts.
(iii) Trading Account of incidental activities is not to be prepared.

After going through this Unit, the students will be able to:
  • state the meaning of a Not-for-profit organisation and its distinction from a profit making entity.
  • state the meaning of receipts and payments account, and understanding its features.
  • develop the understanding and skill of preparing receipts and payments account.
  • state the meaning of income and expenditure account and understand its features.
  • develop the understanding and skill of preparing income and expenditure account and balance sheet of a not-for-profit organisation with the help of given receipts and payments account and additional information.
Unit 2: Accounting for Partnership Firms
Units/TopicsLearning Outcomes
  • Partnership: features, Partnership Deed.
  • Provisions of the Indian Partnership Act 1932 in the absence of partnership deed.
  • Fixed v/s fluctuating capital accounts. Preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation account- division of profit among partners, guarantee of profits.
  • Past adjustments (relating to interest on capital, interest on drawing, salary and profit sharing ratio).
  • Goodwill: nature, factors affecting and methods of valuation – average profit, super profit and capitalization.

Note: Interest on partner’s loan is to be treated as a charge against profits.
Goodwill to be adjusted through partners capital/ current account or by raising and writing off goodwill (AS 26)

Accounting for Partnership firms – Reconstitution and Dissolution.

Change in the Profit Sharing Ratio among the existing partners – sacrificing ratio, gaining ratio, accounting for revaluation of
assets and reassessment of liabilities and treatment of reserves and accumulated profits. Preparation of revaluation account
and balance sheet.

Admission of a partner – effect of admission of a partner on change in the profit sharing ratio, treatment of goodwill (as per AS 26),
treatment for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities, treatment of reserves and accumulated profits, adjustment
of capital accounts and preparation of balance sheet.

Retirement and death of a partner: effect of retirement / death of a partner on change in profit sharing ratio, treatment of goodwill (as
per AS 26), treatment for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities, adjustment of accumulated profits and reserves, adjustment of capital accounts and preparation of balance sheet. Preparation of
loan account of the retiring partner.

Calculation of deceased partner’s share of profit till the date of death. Preparation of deceased partner’s capital account and his executor’s account.

Dissolution of a partnership firm: meaning of dissolution of partnership and partnership firm, types of dissolution of a firm. Settlement of accounts – preparation of realization account, and other related accounts: capital accounts of partners and cash/bank a/c
(excluding piecemeal distribution, sale to a company and insolvency of partner(s)).

Note:
(i) The realized value of each asset must be given at
the time of dissolution.
(ii) In case, the realization expenses are borne by a
partner, clear indication should be given regarding the
payment thereof.

After going through this Unit, the students will be
able to:
  • state the meaning of partnership, partnership firm and partnership deed.
  • describe the characteristic features of partnership and the contents of partnership deed.
  • discuss the significance of provision of Partnership Act in the absence of partnership deed.
  • differentiate between fixed and fluctuating capital, outline the process and develop the understanding and skill of preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation Account.
  • develop the understanding and skill of preparation profit and loss appropriation account involving guarantee of profits.
  •  develop the understanding and skill of making past adjustments.
  • state the meaning, nature and factors affectingoodwill
  •  develop the understanding and skill of valuation of goodwill using different methods.
  •  state the meaning of sacrificing ratio, gaining ratio and the change in profit sharing ratio among existing partners.
  • develop the understanding of accounting treatment of revaluation assets and reassessment of liabilities and treatment of reserves and accumulated profits by preparing revaluation account and balance
    sheet.
  • explain the effect of change in profit sharing ratio on admission of a new partner.
  • develop the understanding and skill of treatment of goodwill as per AS-26, treatment of revaluation of assets and re-assessment of
    liabilities, treatment of reserves and accumulated profits, adjustment of capital accounts and preparation of balance sheet of
    the new firm.
  • explain the effect of retirement / death of a partner on change in profit sharing ratio.
  • develop the understanding of accounting treatment of goodwill, revaluation of assets and re-assessment of liabilities and
    adjustment of accumulated profits and reserves on retirement / death of a partner and capital adjustment.
  • develop the skill of calculation of deceased partner’s share till the time of his death and prepare deceased partner’s executor’s
    account.
  • discuss the preparation of the capital  accounts of the remaining partners and the balance sheet of the firm after retirement / death of a partner.
  • understand the situations under which a partnership firm can be dissolved.
  • develop the understanding of preparation of realisation account and other related accounts.
Unit-3 Accounting for Companies 
Units/TopicsLearning Outcomes
Accounting for Share Capital
  • Share and share capital: nature and types.
  • Accounting for share capital: issue and allotment of equity and preferences shares. Public subscription of shares – over
    subscription and under subscription of shares; issue at par and at premium, calls in advance and arrears (excluding interest),
    issue of shares for consideration other than cash.
  • Concept of Private Placement and Employee
    Stock Option Plan (ESOP).
  • Accounting treatment of forfeiture and reissue of shares.
  • Disclosure of share capital in the Balance Sheet of a company.

Accounting for Debentures

  • Debentures: Issue of debentures at par, at a premium and at a discount. Issue of debentures for consideration other than cash;
    Issue of debentures with terms of redemption; debentures as collateral securityconcept, interest on debentures. Writing off
    discount / loss on issue of debentures

Note: Discount or loss on issue of debentures to be written off in the year debentures are allotted from Security Premium Reserve (if it exists) and then from Statement of Profit and Loss as Financial Cost (AS 16).

  • Redemption of debentures-Methods: Lump sum, draw of lots.
  • Creation of Debenture Redemption Reserve.

Note: Related sections of the Companies Act, 2013
will apply

After going through this Unit, the students will be
able to:
  • state the meaning of share and share capital and differentiate between equity shares and preference shares and different types of
    share capital.
  • understand the meaning of private placement of shares and Employee Stock Option Plan.
  • explain the accounting treatment of share capital transactions regarding issue of shares.
  • develop the understanding of accounting treatment of forfeiture and re-issue of forfeited shares.
  • describe the presentation of share capital in the balance sheet of the company as per schedule III part I of the Companies Act 2013.
  • explain the accounting treatment of different categories of transactions related to issue of debentures.
  • develop the understanding and skill of writing of discount / loss on issue of debentures.
  • understand the concept of collateral security and its presentation in balance sheet.
  • develop the skill of calculating interest on debentures and its accounting treatment.
  • state the meaning of redemption of debentures.
  • develop the understanding of accounting treatment of transactions related to redemption of debentures by lump sum, draw of lots and Creation of Debenture Redemption Reserve.
Unit 4: Analysis of Financial Statements
Units/TopicsLearning Outcomes
Financial statements of a Company: Statement of Profit and Loss and Balance Sheet in the prescribed form with major headings and sub
headings (as per Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013)
Note: Exceptional items, extraordinary items and profit (loss) from discontinued operations are excluded.
  • Financial Statement Analysis: Objectives,
    importance and limitations.
  • Tools for Financial Statement Analysis: Comparative statements, common size statements, cash flow analysis, ratio analysis.
  • Accounting Ratios: Meaning, Objectives, classification and computation.
  • Liquidity Ratios: Current ratio and Quick ratio.
  • Solvency Ratios: Debt to Equity Ratio, Total Asset to Debt Ratio, Proprietary Ratio and Interest Coverage Ratio.
  • Activity Ratios: Inventory Turnover Ratio, Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio, Trade Payables Turnover Ratio and Working
    Capital Turnover Ratio.
  • Profitability Ratios: Gross Profit Ratio, Operating Ratio, Operating Profit Ratio, Net Profit Ratio and Return on Investment.

Note: Net Profit Ratio is to be calculated on the basis of profit before and after tax.

After going through this Unit, the students will be
able to:
  • develop the understanding of major headings and sub-headings (as per Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013) of balance sheet as
    per the prescribed norms / formats.
  • state the meaning, objectives and limitations
    of financial statement analysis.
  • discuss the meaning of different tools of ‘financial statements analysis’.
  •  develop the understanding and skill of preparation of comparative and common size financial statements.
  • state the meaning, objectives and significance of different types of ratios.
  • develop the understanding of computation of current ratio and quick ratio.
  • develop the skill of computation of debt equity ratio, total asset to debt ratio, proprietary ratio and interest coverage ratio.
  • develop the skill of computation of inventory turnover ratio, trade receivables and trade payables ratio and working capital turnover ratio.
  • develop the skill of computation of gross profit ratio, operating ratio, operating profit ratio, net profit ratio and return on investment
Unit 5: Cash Flow Statement
Units/Topics
Learning Outcomes
Meaning, objectives and preparation (as per AS 3 (Revised) (Indirect Method only)
After going through this Unit, the students will
be able to:
  • state the meaning and objectives of cash flow statement.
  • develop the understanding of preparation of Cash Flow Statement using indirect method as per AS 3 with given adjustments.

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