CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus 2023 | New Syllabus

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus 2023: The CBSE Board Has already released the Syllabus for the academic year 2023 the students that are going to appear for the examinations must try and start their preparations for the examination now. As there is not much time left for you and as you may know that the preparations may not be easy at all.

So for the betterment of the students, the board has divided the CBSE 12th History Syllabus into three units containing varied marks. The students are advised to make sure that they prepare for the examination based on the marks that are allocated to each unit. As this will be a more advanced way of preparing for the official examinations.

CBSE Board Class 12 History Syllabus 2022

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus 2023

Unit Name Chapter Name Marks
Themes in Indian History Part-I The Story of the First Cities: Harappan Archaeology 24
Political and Economic History: How Inscriptions tell a story
Social Histories: Using the Mahabharata
A History of Buddhism: Sanchi Stupa
Themes in Indian History Part-II Medieval Society through Travellers’ Accounts 25
Religious Histories: The Bhakti-Sufi Tradition
New Architecture: Hampi (13)
 Agrarian Relations: The Ain-i-Akbari
The Mughal Court: Reconstructing Histories through

Themes in Indian History Part-III

Colonialism and Rural Society: Evidence from Official Reports 26
Representations of 1857
Colonialism and Indian Towns: Town Plans and Municipal
Mahatma Gandhi through Contemporary  Eyes(13)
Partition through Oral Sources
The Making of the Constitution
Map Work 05
Project work 20
Total 100

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Class XII: Themes in Indian History
Themes Objectives
1. The Story of the First Cities: Harappan Archaeology.
Broad overview: Early urban centres
Story of discovery: Harappan civilization
Excerpt: Archaeological report on a major site
Discussion: How it has been utilized by archaeologists/historians.
  • Familiarize the learner with early urban centres as economic and social institutions.
  • Introduce the ways in which new data can lead to a revision of existing notions of history
  • Illustrate steps of making archaeological reports.


2. Political and Economic History: How Inscriptions tell a story.

Broad overview: Political and economic history from the Mauryan to the Gupta period

Story of discovery: Inscriptions and the decipherment of the script. Shifts in the understanding of political and economic history.

Excerpt: Asokan inscription and Gupta period land grant

Discussion: Interpretation of inscriptions by historians.

  • Familiarize the learner with major trends in the political and economic history of the subcontinent.
  • Introduce inscriptional analysis and the ways in which these have
    shaped the understanding of political and economic processes.


3. Social Histories: Using the Mahabharata

Broad overview: Issues in social history, including caste, class, kinship and gender

Story of discovery: Transmission and publications of the Mahabharata

Excerpt: from the Mahabharata, illustrating how it has been used by

Discussion:Other sources for reconstructing social history.

  • Familiarize the learner with issues in social history.
  • Introduce strategies of textual analysis and their use in reconstructing social history.


4. A History of Buddhism: Sanchi Stupa

Broad overview:

a. A brief review of religious histories of Vedic religion, Jainism, Vaishnavism, Shaivism (Puranic Hinduism).

b. Focus on Buddhism.

  • Discuss the major religious developments in early India.
  • Introduce strategies of visual analysis and their use in reconstructing histories of religion.


5. Medieval Society through Travellers’ Accounts

Broad overview: Outline of social and cultural life as they appear in travellers’ accounts.

Story of their writings: A discussion of where they travelled, why they travelled, what they wrote, and for whom they wrote.

Excerpts: from AlBiruni, Ibn Battuta, Francois Bernier

Discussion: What these travel accounts can tell us and how they have been interpreted by historians

  • Familiarize the learner with the salient features of social histories
    described by the travellers.
  • Discuss how travellers’ accounts can be used as sources of social


6. Religious Histories: The Bhakti-Sufi Tradition 

Broad overview:
a. Outline of religious developments during this period
b. Ideas and practices of the Bhakti-Sufi saints

Story of Transmission: HowBhakti-Sufi compositions have been preserved.

Excerpt: Extracts from selected BhaktiSufi works

Discussion: Ways in which these have been interpreted by historians.

  • Familiarize the learner with religious developments.
  • Discuss ways of analyzing devotional literature as sources of history.


7. New Architecture: Hampi

Broad overview:
a. Outlineofnewbuildingsduring Vijayanagar period-temples, forts, irrigation facilities.
b. Relationship between architecture and the political system

Story of Discovery: Account of how Hampi was found.

Excerpt: Visuals of buildings at Hampi

Discussion: Ways in which historians have analyzed and interpreted these structures.

  • Familiarize the learner with the new buildings that were built during the time.
  • Discuss the ways in which architecture can be analyzed to reconstruct history


8. Agrarian Relations: The Ain-i-Akbari

Broad overview:
a. Structure of agrarian relations in the 16thand 17thcenturies.Patterns of
change over the period.

Story of Discovery: Account of the compilation and translation of Ain-i-Akbari

Excerpt: from the Ain-i-Akbari

Discussion: Ways in which historians have used the text to reconstruct history.

  • Discuss developments in agrarian relations.
  • Discuss how to supplement official documents with other sources.


9. The Mughal Court: Reconstructing Histories through Chronicles

Broad overview:
a. Outline of political history15th-17th centuries
b. DiscussionoftheMughal court and politics

Story of Discovery: Account of the production of court chronicles, and their subsequent translation and transmission.

Excerpts: from the Akbarnama and Padshahnama

Discussion: Ways in which historians have used the texts to reconstruct political histories.

  • Familiarize the learner with the major landmarks in political history.
  • Show how chronicles and other sources are used to reconstruct the histories of political institutions.


10.Colonialism and Rural Society: Evidence from Official Reports

Broad overview:
a. Life of zamindars, peasants and artisans in the late 18thcentury
b. East India Company, revenue settlements in various regions of India
and surveys
c. Changes over the nineteenth century Story of official records: An account of why official investigations into rural societies were undertaken and the types of records and reports produced.

Excerpts: From Fifth Report, Accounts of Frances Buchanan-Hamilton, and Deccan Riots Report.

Discussion: What the official records tell and do not tell, and how they have been used by historians

  • Discuss howcolonialism affected zamindars, peasants and artisans.
  • Comprehend the problems and limits of using official sources for
    understanding the lives of people.


11.Representations of 1857

Broad overview:
a. The events of 1857-58
b. Vision of Unity
c. How these events were recorded and narrated.
Focus: Lucknow
Excerpts: Pictures of 1857. Extracts from
contemporary accounts
Discussion: How the pictures of 1857 shaped British opinion of what had

  • Discuss how the events of 1857 are being reinterpreted.
  • Discuss how visual material can be used by historians.


12.Colonialism and Indian Towns: Town Plans and Municipal Reports

Broad overview: History of towns in India, colonization and cities, hill stations, town planning of Madras, Calcutta and Bombay.

Excerpts: Photographs and paintings. Plans of cities. Extract from town plan reports.
Focus on Calcutta town planning

Discussion: How the above sources can be used to reconstruct the history of towns. What these sources do not reveal.

  • Familiarize the learner with the history of modern urban centres.
  • Discuss how urban histories can be written by drawing on different types of sources.


13.Mahatma Gandhi through Contemporary Eyes

Broad overview:
a. The Nationalist Movement 1918 -48.
b. The nature of Gandhian politics and

Focus: Mahatma Gandhi and the three movements and his last days as “finest hours”

Excerpts: Reports from English and Indian language newspapers and other contemporary writings.

Discussion: How newspapers can be a source of history

  • Familiarize the learner with significant elements of the Nationalist Movement and the nature of Gandhian leadership.
  • Discuss how Gandhi was perceived by different groups.
  • Discuss how historians need to read and interpret newspapers, diaries and letters as historical source.


14.Partition through Oral Sources
Broad over view:
a. The history of the 1940s
b. Nationalism, Communalism and Partition.Focus: Punjab and BengalExcerpts: Oral testimonies of those who experienced partition.Discussion: Ways in which these have been analyzed to reconstruct the history of the event.
  • Discuss the last decade of the national movement, the growth of
    communalism and the story of partition.
  • Understand the events through the experience of those who lived
    through these years of communal violence.
  • Show the possibilities and limits of oral sources.


15.The Making of the Constitution

Broad overview:
a. Independence and the new nation state.
b. The making of the Constitution

Focus: The Constitutional Assembly debates
Excerpts: from the debates
Discussion: What such debates reveal and how they can be analyzed.

Map Work on Units 1-15

  • Familiarize students with the history of the early years after independence.
  • Discuss how the founding ideals of the new nation state were debated and formulated.
  • Understand how such debates and discussions can be read by historians.

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cbse class 12 history syllabus

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